About the Philippines – the country, islands, and the philippine people

The Philippines is a country in the Pacific Ocean. The republic of the Philippines has one particular of the most significant populations in the entire world. The country is an archipelago of a substantial team of islands surrounded by crystal clear h2o and beautiful and distinctive coral reefs. Of the 7,107 islands in the Philippines the most significant is Luzon, at 105 sq. kilometres and just more than fifty p.c of the islands in the country have names, and only 350 islands are even bigger than two and a half kilometres sq.. The tallest mountain array can be located on the island of Luzon the Cordillera Central the top of the mountain reaches more than 2743 sq. meters. The tallest mountain peak can be located on the second most significant island in the country Mindanao. Mount Apo rises 2956 meters tall. Like quite a few other mountains in the country Mount Apo is an lively volcano. Luzon is also the web page of the cash of Manila the most significant and most vital Philippine metropolis. Manila has a port that stretches around Manila bay for hundreds of a long time Manila bay has been the country’s heart of shipping and delivery and trade. The Visayas make up the center aspect of the Philippine islands. The most significant islands in the Visayas contain Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Negros, and Panay Mindanao is an Philippine island in the south of the country and the second most significant island in the Philippines the island measures 94,seven hundred sq. kilometres.

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The islands

The Philippine islands ended up shaped by volcanoes and are aspect of a mountain chain that is mainly less than h2o. The inside of most of the islands have quite a few rugged mountains with dense rain forest and mainly because of the repeated rain slide there are quite a few rivers streams and waterfalls that continually surge down the mountain sides. For the reason that of the dense mountain rainforest and repeated rain slide the Philippines is endowed with breathtaking sceneries in the islands tropical rainforest majestic waterfalls spectacular caves and rock formations. Sad to say a whole lot of the rain forest is disappearing right before the Spanish arrived in the 1500 more than 90 p.c of the Philippine islands ended up lined in rain forest. To date the country has missing close to one particular-third of its tropical rainforest. The rain forest has been employed and slice down for its timber and to clear land for farms and households.

The coastline

With more than 7000 islands the country has a coastline line more than 36,three hundred kilometres in length. The beaches and coastline may differ throughout the country are quite sandy in spots these as Boracay which is well known for its beautiful picturesque tropical white sand beaches. With tropical vegetation and palm trees developing on these spectacular beaches. On some island coastline lines are quite rocky in location and in some spots you will obtain grey white sand beaches and substantial inland rivers that border with mangrove trees and swamps.

The rivers and lakes

Filipinos depend on fresh h2o from rivers and lakes to irrigate their crops and private working day-to-working day living demands these as consuming and washing. Pasig River is one particular of the most significant rivers in the country and flows via the cash of Manila. In the north also on the island of Luzon the longest Philippine river that flows via the Central Cordilleras, the Cagayan River.


For the reason that the country is sitting on the pacific ring of fireplace usually means the Philippines have a whole lot of lively Volcanoes. A single of the most well known volcanic eruptions occur in June 1991 in the north of Luzon for quite a few hundreds of a long time Mount Pinatubo lay dormant. When Mount Pinatubo erupted more than 1000 persons killed or hurt and still left 1000’s of persons homeless. The explosion established a substantial ash cloud that lined more than 125 thousand sq. kilometres blanketing the space in ash rock and darkness. A single of the most lively volcanoes in the Philippines is Mayo, also known as Mount Mayo this volcano has erupted forty eight times in the previous four hundred a long time. Mount Mayo located on the island of Luzon in the province of Albay. Mayon Volcano proclaimed a nationwide park in the calendar year 2003. The Mayo volcano is a correctly formed cone that towers 2462 meters above the land. Mayon Very last main eruption was in February 1814, when it destroyed three towns and lined a further two with volcanic ash and scorching larva about 1600 persons died due to this eruption.

The Philippine People

For 1000’s of a long time quite a few various forms persons and nations have been aspect of the Philippines the result is a country and persons with a distinctive mix of quite a few cultures. About thirty,000 BC Stone Age persons settled in the Tabon caves on the island of Palawan the country was afterwards joined by the Negritos that came throughout land bridges from Borneo Indonesia, and Sumatra and generations latter joined by guests from Malaya India china and the center east. Magellan was the to start with European to established foot on the Philippines in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan explored the archipelago Magellan and most of his adult men ended up killed in the course of the fight of Mactan on the Island of Cebu. Spain proven a long lasting settlement on the island of Cebu in 1565

Family members religion and education are quite vital in Filipino culture.

Climate living in the metropolis or the country or on an isolated island family, religion and education are quite extremely valued by practically just about every one particular Filipinos have quite a few good values these as respect for authority and a substantial regard for the dignity of all the persons.


Most Filipinos maintain potent religious beliefs they routinely consider aspect in religious ceremonies rejoice holy days with substantial festivals. The Spanish exactly where quite productive in converting the Filipino to Christianity building the Philippine the only Christian nation in Asia Roman Catholic make up 85% of the population, five % of the population are Sunni Muslim’s the most significant no Christian team in the country. Most early Filipinos ended up animistic and worshiped ancestral sprits known as anitos they thought theses sprits lived in the mountains in the Trees Rivers and fields. Several Filipinos think in ghost and witches (Multo) ghost and (mangkukulam) ghost. Roman Catholic belief plays an vital aspect in the everyday lifetime of most Filipinos.The Philippine persons worship Christ mother Mary and other holy persons termed saints quite a few Filipinos embellish their households trics jeepneys boats universities of images of Christ and mother Mary.

Close by islands and china launched Islam to the Philippines right now there are quite a few million Filipinos that stick to the religion of Islam. Some Filipinos follow Taoism which is a religious belief that originated in china the most important Taoist temple in the Philippines is in Cebu.

The Filipino family

The Filipino family the primary models of the Philippine social corporation which consists of the father the mother and kids the bilateral extended family which incorporates all kinfolk of the Father and Mother. Of unique significance the bond and unity shaped by the brothers and sisters. Filipino thinks of their family as a supply of power and safety. It is not unconventional for unmarried daughters and sons to reside at household with their mom and dad, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The family are quite close and if someone needs help other individuals chip in and do what they can to help the family member in will need. The father-husband is the head of the family and is generally unconditionally obeyed by his spouse and kids. The father job and responsibility is to meet up with the fiscal needs of the family. The Filipino father is the most important supply of discipline in the family and often works by using corporal punishment on equally sons and daughters even though corporal punishment employed on kids in the Philippines is now slowly but surely getting employed a lot less and a lot less due to the Philippine society instructing and imposing new values on boosting kids. The kids a whole lot of Filipino moms pamper their kids these has the impact of prolonging the childhood of the kids they are not pushed or rushed into adulthood obligations and anticipations are stored underneath the child’s likely this treatment and affection lavished on the kids makes a feeling of belonging and safety. As a result the kids will generally add to parent’s fiscal assist and emotional assist and safety. The classic Filipino spouse and mother consider treatment of all the details to make sure the family capabilities as a living and loving organised family device. The mother is in charge of the household and all the details pertaining to the kids these as cooking the family meal viewing the kids are clothed and completely ready for college the paying out of income to the maids (ya -ya) and all other home fees. Bizarre as it may well appear to be gals share equivalent location with gentleman in Philippine society female participation in experienced function and politics is entirely approved this equality can be traced again to historical Malayan custom.


Training Filipino kids show up at six a long time of elementary college and four a long time of substantial college. Courses are taught in the Philipino, language tagalog and English the countrys most important official languages. Far more than 90% of all elementary show up at federal government universities. From June until March Filipino kids spend their days at college classes start off around eight in the early morning in the towns like Manila and often around 7 am in the rural regions right before classes start off the kids salute the flag and recite the pledge of allegiance. The Philippines has a quite substantial literacy rate which most persons in the country can examine and generate unfortunately due to the substantial unemployment rate and the negligible income paid out to reduced course personnel these as farmers and labours some kids have to fall out of college to function and help to assist their households and some kids show up at universities that do not have enough college provides and devices these as textbooks desks and chairs and computers.


The Philippine for its languages Filipino English and Spanish there are 87 various main dialects ranging from Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Waray-waray, Kapampagan, and Panasinah. The English languages and the mass education of the English language has been an American contribution to the Filipino lifetime. English was launched so various persons living in various components of the Philippines could fully grasp one particular a further. The American declared English the country official language in the course of the time they dominated the Philippines. In 1937 the Philippine federal government made the decision to substitute English with a language termed Filipino also known as Tagalog the most extensively spoken Philippine language primarily all through some of the main towns. Currently Filipino and English are the country official languages. In various components of the Philippines some time s you will Filipinos that can talk wherever up to four languages and some times more primarily the persons who have traveled and lived in various components of the country. For instance theses Filipinos can talk the language from the space they grew up in and lived in as a youngster they also can talk English and Tagalog and often a further language that is indigenous to exactly where they reside as an grownup or learnt as a youngster. For instance English, Tagalog, Cebuano, Waray-Waray could be four languages a single Filipino can talk.

The persons classic living

50 % of the Philippine population reside in the country in close proximity to mountains forest on modest islands or on the plains there are quite a few forms of classic households Bahay kubo is a classic rural household some time referred to as a nipa hut.The partitions and floors are manufactured from bamboo and palms leaves the woven palm leaves are overlapped and exhausted down to timber or bamboo to variety the roof. Other persons in the country side reside in wooden household and other low-priced timber with iron and galvanised roofs.The more rich country Filipino reside in a larger extravagant contemporary household and houses are manufactured from cement bricks and cement.On a whole lot of Modest Island and country regions the household has one particular most important home with a number of parts of home furniture and mats on the flooring exactly where the family sleeps.The kitchen is generally in a further home with a wooden burning stove and often a modest fuel stove dependent on how isolated the family is from the closest city. In the larger country towns quite a few of the indigenous houses have electric power and some of them even have indoor plumbing but theses conveniences are scarce in modest villages even though now more and more Modest Islands and villages are obtaining electric power but there is even now a whole lot of villages that do not. The Philippine persons that reside in an space that does not have electric power or indoor plumbing collect h2o from a neighborhood well and burn kerosene lamps for lights in the night

The people’s transportation

The to start with persons who migrated to the Philippine islands employed barangays (boats). Now day’s inter island ships and ferries have been the best usually means of transportation of good and goods from island to a further persons also depend on these ships as ferries mainly because the price of a airplane ticket are quite high priced for the small profits households. Banca a slender wooden boat with an out boat motor connected to the again. The boat has wooden and bamboo frames extending from equally sides of the boats that operate like platoons protecting against the boat from tipping more than or capsizing. Early Filipinos employed these modest boats to trade and get provides from neighboring islands.The larger banca boats are mainly employed as persons ferries and substantial commercial fishing boats.The lesser banca boats are employed for lesser journeys in calmer h2o. A classic variety of transportation is the pedicabs a tricycle with a side cart this variety of transportation are even now common in some country towns and provinces primarily on the island of Leyte and Samar.

The Philippine jeepney

A Philippine icon king of the highway evidence of Philippine innovation the jeepney is a modest bus manufactured from jeeps still left at the rear of by the US army. The jeeps exactly where reworked in to busses painted in vivid glowing flamboyant colours and patterns and embellished with mirrors multi-coloured lights and religious icons. The jeepney lesser brother the stainless steel jeep was manufactured and created for functional explanations fisherman complained that seawater and the natural environment was corroding their jeepneys. So in 1971 Tomas Araga invented and created the to start with jeep the jeep needs a lot less routine maintenance mainly because it is tricky and does not rust. The jeep is an great Philippine auto mainly because they are tailored to the distinctive Philippine weather primarily from the severe salt air and the unpredictable weather conditions.

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